Money Mule Schemes
A money mule is “a person who transfers illegally acquired money on behalf of or at the direction of another.” Money mule schemes, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, spam the spectrum of using unaware or unknowing people. A money mule is a person who is “unaware that he or she is part of a larger criminal scheme.” This person is motivated be his/her trust in the actual romance, job position or proposition. A witting money mule is an individual who “chooses to ignore obvious red flags or acts willfully blind to his/her money movement activity.” Th is type of money mule is motivated by financial gain or an unwillingness to acknowledge his/her role. A complicit money mule is an individual who is “aware of his/her role as a money mule and is complicit in the larger criminal scheme.” This person is motivated by financial gain or loyalty to a criminal group.
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